推拿 Tui Na

Tui na 推拿 (pushing and pulling) is the Chinese name given to manual techniques that do not use tools. It follows medical principles, identifying problems through palpation, observation, pain or restricted movement and using appropriate techniques to correct it. In Chinese it is considered distinct from massage (anmo 按摩: to press and rub).

Tui na incorporates techniques of:

  • Massage and soft tissue manipulation
  • Stimulation of acupoints without needles
  • Joint mobilisation and stretching
  • Head and face routines
  • Hand and foot reflexology protocols
  • Abdominal massage
  • Specialised techniques for work with children
It can be performed while fully clothed with oils usually being reserved for the end of treatment to induce analgesia, or in acute stages of injury when pressure is inappropriate.

Both acupuncture and tui na can be used in any treatment but some techniques are better suited to certain issues, points or people than others. Since they come from the same cultural and historical background tui na is capable of working together with acupuncture in a way that few other methods are designed to do.