Acupuncture Points Notebook

: Zhongfu : Middle Palace

Lu-1 : Hand Taiyin Lung 1

Alternative Name(s): Yingshu
Translation: Breast Shu

Front Mu of the Lung
Entry point from Qimen Liv-14
Opening point of the Lung Divergent channel (Cecil-Sterman, 2012, Advanced Acupuncture)
One of the "59 piercings" for clearing Heat in Su Wen Ch. 61

Trigger point (Travell & Simons, 1998, Trigger Point Therapy)

Meeting of Lung with Spleen, Large Intestine Divergent and Lung Divergent

On the lateral aspect of the chest, in the first intercostal space, 6 cun lateral to the midline, 1 cun inferior to Yunmen LU-2

Transverse-oblique insertion 0.5 - 1 cun medially along the the intercostal space

Deep perpendicular needling or oblique insertion carries a substantial risk of causing a pneumothorax

TCM Actions:
Disseminates and descends lung qi and alleviates cough and wheezing
Transforms phlegm, clears heat and regulates the water passages
Descends stomach qi

TCM Indications:
  • Cough, coughing turbid phlegm, coughing blood and pus, dyspnoea, wheezing, asthma, fullness of the chest, chest pain, breathing with raised shoulders, oppression of the chest and difficulty in breathing, diminshed qi with inability to lie down.
  • Heat in the chest, aversion to cold, chills and fever, sweating.
  • Throat painful obstruction, nasal congestion, swelling of the face.
  • Difficult ingestion, vomiting, gall bladder heat vomiting, retching, abdominal distension.
  • Skin pain, running piglet qi with lumbar pain, goitre, pain of the upper back and shoulder.

    Superficial Innervation: Lateral cutaneous branch of C3 - C4
    Dermatome Segment: C4, T2

    Trigger Point Associations:
    Muscle: Coracobrachialis and clavicular section of perctoralis major
    Myotome Innervation: Coracobrachialis: musculocutaneous nerve from anterior middle and upper divisions of brachial plexus (C5 - C7); pectoralis major: lateral pectoral nerve (C5 - C7)
    Location Notes: Travell & Simons' (1998) diagram shows this point slightly lateral at the base of delto-pectoral triangle, directing the needle lateral into the shoulder
    Pain Referral Pattern: To anterior shoulder and if coracobrachialis, down posterior and dorsal aspects of the arm and hand
    Indications: Upper limb pain, especially in the front of the shoulder and the posterior of the arm for coracobrachialis ; Intrascaupular and sternocleidomastoid pain and limited horizontal abduction of the arm

    The "59 piercings" are named in the Su Wen Ch. 61 and mentioned in Su Wen Ch. 32 and Ling Shu Ch. 23 for treating Heat diseases. This point along with Dazhu Bl-11, Qupen St-12 and Feishu Bl-13 clear Heat from the chest.


    Ling Shu Ch. 20, On the Five Evils, advises piercing this point, Yunmen Lu-2, Feishu Bl-13 and either Qupen St-12 or Tiantu Ren-22 (depending on how the location "in the middle of the Broken Basin" is interpreted) for pathogens in the Lung.


    The outer line of Tung's 12 Monkeys (Shi Er Hou) would be located slightly medial (5 fen) to this point.


    The Front Mu points make likely locations for application of leeches to reduce fevers according to François Broussais' (1772–1838) philosophy who believed in placing them over the diseased organs to reduce inflammation (Greenstone, 2010, The history of bloodletting, BCMJ, Vol. 52, No. 1, Pp 12-14).
    In the case of the lung however any number of chest points could suffice.


    Lad and Durve (2008) in Marma Points of Ayurveda call this point Kakshadhara or Skandadhara and associate it with the doshas: Prana Vayu, Vyana Vayu, Udana Vayu, Sadhaka Pitta, Ranjaka Pitta and Avalambaka Kapha.

    They give the following functions:
    - Enhances lung capacity and flow of prana
    - Relieves tightness in chest and bronchospasm
    - Relieves pulmonary congestion
    - Relieves shoulder and arm pain
    - Pacifies aches and soreness in breasts


    In Thai massage:
    Acupressure point (Salguero & Roylance, 2011, Encyclopedia of Thai Massage)

    Reference Notes: (click to display)