Acupuncture Points Notebook

: Shuiquan : Water Spring

Kid-5 : Foot Shaoyin Kidney 5

Xi-Cleft point

1 cun inferior to Taixi Kid-3 in a depression anterior and superior to the calcaneal tuberosity (the site of in sertion of the Achilles tendon into the calcaneum).

Oblique-perpendicular insertion directed away from the bone, 0.3 - 0.5 cun, or transverse insertion distally to link with points up to Taibai Sp-3 or superiorly to Fuliu Kid-7.

TCM Actions:
Regulates the Chong and Ren Mai and benefits menstruation

TCM Indications:
  • Amenorrhoea, irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhoea, delayed menstruation with oppression and pain below the Heart on onset of menstruation, prolapse of the uterus.
  • Cloudy vision, short sightedness, abdominal pain, difficult urination, dribbling urination.

    Superficial Innervation: Medial calcaneal branches of tibial nerve (S1 - S2)
    Dermatome Segment: S1

    Along with Taixi Kid-3 this is a possible location for the posterior tibial pulse. The ideal location is halfway between them at Pimenta's Point, the exact midpoint of a line drawn between the bony prominence of the medial malleolus and the insertion of the Achilles' tendon.


    In "leg-strengthening needling" this point is needled transversely connecting with Zhaohai Kid-6, Rangu Kid-2, Gongsun Sp-4 and Taibai Sp-3, creating sore numb and distending feeling in heel and sole of foot (Liu Yan, 2008, Diagrams of Acupuncture Manipulations, p. 140-1).

    In "Hidrosis stopping needling" to control excessive sweating, oedema and urinary disorders, this point is needled transversely in a superior direction to pass through Dazhong Kid-4, Taixi Kid-3 and Fuliu Kid-7 (Liu Yan, 2008, Diagrams of Acupuncture Manipulations, p. 140-1).


    In Tung acupuncture the Shui Xian, Water Sprite (66.15) is located 1 cun below this point. It is indicated for Kidney deficiency and Water signs, e.g. nephritis, oedema, fatigue and lumbago (Chu, 2015).


    A medieval phlebotomy point is located close to here but slightly distal and posterior, at the attachment point of the Achilles tendon to the calcaneous (Hans von Gersdorff, 1517: Feldtb├╝ch der Wundartzney,


    In ayurvedic medicine:
    Gulpha marma point
    Size: 2 angula (cun)
    Structure: Joint
    Effect of Injury: Pain (rujakar marma)
    (Harish Johari, 1996, Ayurvedic Massage, Sanatan Society; Anupama Bhattacharya, n.d. Marma Shastra)

    Lad and Durve (2008) in Marma Points of Ayurveda call this point medial Gulpha and associate it with the doshas: Prana Vayu, Apana Vayu, Vyana Vayu, Shleshaka Kapha.

    They give the following functions:
    - Benefits the ankles
    - Improves circulation in the feet
    - Relieves pain locally
    - Regulates kidney function and water filtration
    - Pacifies kapha dosha

    A lateral Gulpha point is located at Shenmai Bl-62.


    In Thai massage:
    Acupressure point (Salguero & Roylance, 2011, Encyclopedia of Thai Massage)

    Reference Notes: (click to display)