Acupuncture Points Notebook

Location Guides:

: Shimen : Stone Gate

Ren-5 : Extraordinary Conception Vessel 5

Front Mu point of the San Jiao
Master Tung's Bowel Nest Twenty-Three

On the midline of the lower abdomen, 2 cun inferior to the umbilicus and 3 cun superior to the pubic symphysis.

Perpendicular insertion 0.8 - 1.5 cun

Deep needling may penetrate the peritoneal cavity. No deep needling in pregnancy, or perpendicular needling in advanced pregnancy.

TCM Actions:
Moves and benefits the water passages
Regulates qi and alleviates pain
Regulates the uterus

TCM Indications:
  • Difficult urination, difficult urination due to injury by cold, retention of urine, qi painful urinary dysfunction, dark urine, oedema.
  • Diarrhoea, undigested food in the stool, dysenteric disorder, vomiting blood with inability to eat.
  • Twisting pain of the lower abdomen, shan disorder with severe periumbilical pain, lower abdominal distension, retraction of the testicles, genital itching, swelling of the penis giving rise to pain of the lower abdomen and lumbar region, running piglet qi attacking the Heart.
  • Persistent flow of lochia, abdominal masses, uterine bleeding, stone-like hardness of the lower abdomen, diseases of the breast, leucorrhoea.
  • Deficiency-taxation, lower origin (yuan) deficient and cold.

    Superficial Innervation: Anterior cutaneous thoracic nerve from T12
    Dermatome Segment: T12

    In Tung lineage acupuncture the Bowel Nest 23 (Fu Chao Er Shi San) are a group of points located in a line at 1 cun intervals between Ren-2 and Ren-10. An additional eight points on either side form a 4x5 grid at the levels of Ren-9 to Ren-5, also at 1 cun intervals. Ren-8, on the navel, is not included.

    They are pricked using Tung's method in local disorders of pain, stagnation and heat in the abdomen such as uteritis, nephritis, umbilical area pain, enteritis, appendicitis and intestinal cancers (McCann, 2014, Pricking the Vessels).

    Lad and Durve (2008) in Marma Points of Ayurveda locate a point between here and Guanyuan Ren-5 called Basti and associate it with the doshas: Apana Vayu, Vyana Vayu, Ranjaka Pitta and Kledaka Kapha.

    They give the following functions:
    - Regulates bladder and treated genitourinary dysfunction
    - Regulates apana vayu
    - Relieves pain
    - Increases circulation and enhances function in the pelvic organs

    In Tibetan medicine:
    Lower intestine points, along with points to the left and right. Can be treated with cones of dried edelweiss flowers (Trah-wah) on crushed garlic for diarrhoea caused by disturbance of mLung (Bradley, 2000: Principles of Tibetan Medicine)

    Reference Notes: (click to display)