Acupuncture Points Notebook

Location Guides:

: Yintang : Hall of Impression or Seal Hall

Ex-HN-3 : Extra Head/Neck 3

Alternative Name(s): Zuqiao (Wang mu, 2011), Guifeng
Translation: Ancestral Opening, Ghost Seal

Sun Si-Miao Ghost point (4th Trinity - Alternative to Huiqian)

At the glabella, at the midpoint between the medial extremities of the eyebrows

With the fingers of the hand pinch up the skin over the point and with the other hand needle transversely in an inferior or lateral direction, 0.3 - 0.5 cun

TCM Actions:
Pacifies wind and calms the shen
Benefits the nose
Acitvates the channel and alleviates pain

TCM Indications:
  • Chronic and acute childhood fright wind, fright spasm, frontal headache, dizziness, dizziness following childbirth, insomnia, agitation, restlessness.
  • Nasal congestion and discharge, rhinitis, nosebleed, disorders of the eyes, hypertension, pain of the face.

    Superficial Innervation: Ophthalamic branch of trigeminal nerve (CN V1)
    Dermatome Segment: CN V1 ophthalamic branch of trigeminal

    One of several locations claimed to be the "One Opening of the Mysterious Barrier" in alchemical work.

    Also probable location for the upper dan tian or cinnabar field in alchemical practice, along with Baihui Du-20. Probably between the two in the centre of the head (Wang Mu, 2011, Foundations of Internal Alchemy)


    Jeffrey Yuen (2005, 3 Spirits & 7 Souls) places this point along with Fengfu Du-16 and Baihui Du-20 as the three points where the three spirits reside: Shen, Hun and Po, in the Jing Shen Shi Jie (world of Jing and Shen). Yintang as the most yin of the three points most likely represents the Po or Corporeal Soul. This is the first aspect of the soul to come into existence, transforming into Hun and then merging together to form Shen.

    When combined with Qichong St-30 or Gongsun Sp-4 and Guangming GB-37 this point is related to the final Seventh Level of Manifestation of the Soul, equivalent to the Sahasrara crown chakra. It deals with the interconnectedness of all things, collective consciousness and connection with the Divine (ibid.).


    Ghost Points:
    This is also a possible alternative location for the final Ghost Point in the fourth trinity, instead of Haiquan.
    The fourth trinity of Ghost Points is concerned with self-destructive behaviour, self-harm and attempts at suicide.
    Guifeng, Ghost Seal, indicates that the ghost has placed its seal on your spirit, like a Daoist exorcist does with a talisman when they trap a ghost in a container.
    It is generally bled with plum blossom needling (Yuen, 2005, 3 Spirits & 7 Souls). Good luck convincing patients to leave the clinic with plum blossom marks on their forehead! A prick to bleed with a fine lancet or a strongly dispersing needling technique might be a more cosmetically appealing option.


    Ge Hong (4th century) relates a cure for sexual possession of a woman due to having intercourse with a malignant spirit. The symptoms include talking and laughing to herself, depression and delirium.

    The cure involves a ritual and acupuncture. First the master conceals 5 needles in his hair and sets up a vessel full of water with three strips of red cloth placed over the top and a sword laid flat over the top. Next, he calls out the patient's name. She will try to run but must not be allowed to leave. Then, he takes a mouthful of water and sprays it over her, glaring furiously. After repeating this three times he wipes the water from her face and snaps his fingers above her forehead by the hairline and asks her if she wants to be cured. She will not answer until doing this twice, snapping the fingers 7 times each.

    Then insert a needle at Renzhong Du-26, Jiache St-6, Shangxing Du-23 and this point. Cross examine her thoroughly and she will gradually regain consciousness and the possession will come to an end.

    Strickmann, M. (2002), Chinese Magical Medicine, p. 242. Stanford University Press.


    In Tung acupuncture this point is called Zheng Jing, Tranquil Peace (1010.08) and indicated for putting the mind at peace. It is often combined with Zheng Hui, located at Baihui Du-20 (Chu, 2015).


    Avicenna describes venesection at this point in his treatise On Venesection:

    "Among the veins is the frontal vein (supratrochlear vein), running vertically between the two eyebrows. Its venesection is beneficial in heaviness of the head, especially the back of the head, heaviness of the eyes and chronic lasting headache." (Aspects of Treatment According to General Diseases, 21st section in Abu-Asab, Amri & Micozzi, 2013, Avicenna's Medicine)


    In Qabalah:
    The combination of Baihui Du-20, Fengfu Du-16 and Yintang as the Shen, Hun and Po could make these points equivalent of the highest triad of sephiroth in qabalah with Yintang especially representing Binah.


    In Mayan medicine:
    Vena lu ni (vein of the nose): bled once during a child's lifetime on a Saturday ceremony to prevent pain or paralysis as an adult. If not received it can be performed on an adult during any Friday (Garcia, Sierra, Balam, 1999: Wind in the Blood)


    In traditional western medicine:
    Medieval phlebotomy point (John de Foxton, 1408: Liber Cosmographiae,

    The "vein in the forehead" was recommended by Galen to be cut in instances of heaviness of the head and pains that have become chronic as a result of plethos (Brain, 1986, Galen on Bloodletting, p.94). Acute symptoms were treated by cupping and sometimes scarification at the neck.

    Hippocrates' Affections recommends bleeding this point in diseases of the head (ibid.: p.115).

    In Hippocrates' Aphorisms Section V, 68, it is recommended that "when a person is pained in the back part of the head, he is benefited by having the straight vein in the forehead opened" (trans Adams, 1849, Chadwick and Mann (1950) translate this as "the vessel which runs vertically in the forehead", both of which suggest the frontal veins which connect at this point.


    In Indian practices:
    In Hindu tantrism this point would be the location of the kshetram or activation point of the Anja chakra. The actual chakra is located behind the forehead and so like the Dan Tian not equivalent to any point but between this and and Du-16.

    In ayurvedic medicine:
    Sthapni marma point
    Size: 1/2 angula (cun)
    Structure: Blood vessels
    Effect of Injury: Post extraction fatal (vishalyaghan marma)
    (Harish Johari, 1996, Ayurvedic Massage, Sanatan Society; Anupama Bhattacharya, n.d. Marma Shastra)

    Lad and Durve (2008) in Marma Points of Ayurveda call this point Nasa Mula and associate it with the doshas: Prana Vayu, Sadhaka Pitta, Tarpaka Kapha, Apana Vayu.

    They give the following functions:
    - Calms the mind, balances emotions
    - Relieves headaches
    - Regulates prana
    - Benefits the eyes and nose
    - Pacifies pitta dosha

    They locate Sthapani slightly superior which they also call Ajna. They associate it with the doshas: Tarpaka Kapha, Sadhaka Pitta and Prana Vayu.

    They give Sthapani / Ajna the following actions:
    - Regulates tarpaka kapha and enhances cerebral circulation
    - Facilitates optimal function of pituitary and pineal gland, regulates hormonal secretions
    - Relieves headaches
    - Improves concentration, stimulates memory
    - Unfolds intuition and insight
    - Calms mind, balances emotions, relieves stress
    - Relieves intraocular pressure
    - Benefits eyes and nose

    They locate another point, Nasa Madhya midway between Yintang and Du-25 which they associate with Prana Vayu, Sadhaka Pitta and Tarpaka Kapha.

    They functions of Nasa Madhya are given as:
    - Benefits nose
    - Relieves congestion
    - Calms the mind


    In Siddha medicine this point is known as tilartakkalam and must be opened using the "power mudra", a open handed hand position (Sieler, 2015, Lethal Spots, Vital Secrets, p.125) whereas in Chinese medicine it is often shown being opened using Zhen Fa vibration technique directed through the middle finger of a two fingered "sword hand" (e.g. Pritchard, 2010, Tui Na: A Manual of Chinese Massage Therapy).

    One function function described by Sieler (2015, p.162) is to address an injury to its opposite vital spot on the back of the head, cirunkollivarmam, maybe Qingjian Du-18.


    In Tibetan medicine:
    Moxa point (AMNH, Tibetan Medical Paintings)


    In Thai massage:
    Acupressure point along the central Itha and Pingala sen line of head running from base of occiput, Fengfu Du 16, to nostrils, Yingxiang L.I. 20.
    Indicated for dizziness, fainting, fatigue, headache, insomnia and psychological ailments.
    (Salguero & Roylance, 2011, Encyclopedia of Thai Massage)

    Reference Notes: (click to display)