Herb Formulas Notebook


466 Individual Herbs & Substances


Herb List Formula List Drilldown Search

This page is contains my notes on individual herbs and substances. The majority are Chinese but it also includes my own notes on western herbs that I have collated from various sources.

It is designed to assist research into traditional formulae and describe the effects of food, diet and lifestyle from a traditional perspective. It is not a tool for self diagnosis or treatment for which a qualified professional should be sought. Some of the substances may be unsuitable for use today due to toxicity, legal reasons or scarcity, in which case the actions and indications are designed to assist find a suitable replacement or understand what effect they may have if encountered in a patient's history.


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Aromatic Herbs that Transform Dampness

Bai Dou Kou (Fructus Amomi Rotundus / Round Cardamom)

Cang Zhu (Rhizoma Atractylodis / Black Atractylodis)

Cao Dou Kou (Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai / Katsumada's Galangal Seeds)

Cao Guo (Fructus Tsaoko / Cochin Cardamon Fruit)

Hou Po (Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis / Magnolia Bark)

Huo Xiang (Herba Pogostemonis / Patchouli)

Pei Lan (Herba Eupatorii fortunei / Fragrant Thoroughwort)

Sha Ren (Fructus Amomi / Cardamom)

Sha Ren Ke (Pericarpium Amomi / Cardamom Shell)


Aromatic Substances that Open the Orifices

An Xi Xiang (Benzoinum / Benzoin)

Bing Pian (Borneolum / Borneol Camphor)

Niu Huang (Calculus Bovis / Ox Gallstone)

She Xiang (Moschus / Musk)

Shi Chang Pu (Rhizoma Acori tatarinowii / Sweetflag Rhizome)

Su He Xiang (Resina Liquidambar orientalis / Styrax)


Downward Draining Herbs

Ba Dou (Fructus Crotonis / Croton Fruit)

Da Huang (Radix et Rhizoma Rhei / Rhubarb Root and Rhizome)

Feng Mi (Mel / Honey)

Gan Sui (Radix Euphorbia Kansui / Sweet Spurge Root)

Hong Da Ji (Radix Knoxiae / Knoxia Root)

Huo Ma Ren (Semen Cannabis / Cannabis Seed)

Lu Hui (Aloe barbadensis seu ferox / Concentrated Aloe Juice)

Mang Xiao (Natrii Sulfas / Glauber's Salt)

Qian Niu Zi (Semen Pharbitidis / Morning Glory Seeds)

Yu Li Ren (Semen Pruni / Bush Cherry Pit)

Yuan Hua (Flos Genkwa / Daphne Genkwa Flower)


Herbs that Clear Heat

Bai Fan (Alumen / Alum)

Bai Hua She She Cao (Herba Hedyotidis Diffusae / Oldenlandia)

Bai Jiang Cao (Herba Patriniae / Patrinia)

Bai Lian (Radix Ampelopsis / Japanese Ampelopsis Root)

Bai Tou Weng (Radix Pulsatillae Chinensis / Pulsatilla Root)

Bai Wei (Radix Cynanchi Atrati / Blackened Swallow Wort Root)

Bai Xian Pi (Cortex Dictamni / Chinese Dittany Root Bark)

Ban Lan Gen (Radix Isatidis / Indigo Woad Root)

Bian Dou (Semen Lablab Album / White Hyacinth Bean)

Bian Dou Hua (Flos Dolichoris / Hyacinth Bean Flower)

Chong Lou (Rhizoma Paridis / Paris Rhizome)

Da Qing Yan (Halitum / Halite)

Da Qing Ye (Folium Isatidis / Indigo Leaf)

Dan Zhu Ye (Herba Lophatheri / Bamboo Leaves and Stem)

Di Er Cao (Herba Hyperici Japonici / Japanese St. John's Wort)

Di Gu Pi (Cortex Lycii / Wolfberry Root Bark)

Guan Ye Lian Qiao (Hypericum perforatum / St. John's Wort)

Han Shui Shi (Glauberitum / Red Gypsum)

He Ye (Nelumbinis Foliae / Lotus Leaf)

Hei Dou (Semen Sojae nigrum / Black Soy Bean)

Hong Jing Tian (Radix Rhodiolae Crenulate / Rhodiola Root)

Hu Huang Lian (Rhizoma Picrorhizae Kurroa / Katki)

Huang Bai (Cortex Phellodendri / Amur Corktree Bark)

Huang Lian (Rhizoma Coptidis / Coptis Rhizome)

Huang Qin (Radix Scutellariae / Baical Skullcap Root)

Jin Yin Hua (Flos Lonicerae / Honeysuckle Flower)

Jue Ming Zi (Semen Cassiae / Cassia Seeds)

Ku Shen (Radix Sophorae Flavescentis / Shrubby Sophora Root)

Lian Geng (Nelumbinis Caulis / Lotus Stem)

Lian Qiao (Fructus Forsythiae / Weeping Forsythia Capsule)

Lian Zi Xin (Plumula Nelumbinis / Lotus Plumule)

Long Dan Cao (Radix Gentianae / Chinese Gentian Root)

Lu Cha (Camelliae Sinensis / Green Tea)

Lu Dou (Vigna radiata / Mung Bean)

Lu Gen (Rhizoma Phragmitis / Reed Rhizome)

Ma Bo (Lasiosphaera seu Calvatia / Puffball)

Mu Dan Pi (Cortex Moutan / Tree Peony Root Bark)

Ou (Radix nelumbinis / Lotus Root)

Pu Gong Ying (Herba Taraxaci / Dandelion)

Qin Pi (Cortex Fraxini / Korean Ash Bark)

Qing Dai (Indigo Naturalis / Natural Indigo)

Qing Hao (Herba Artemisiae Annuae / Sweet Wormwood)

Ren Dong Teng (Caulis Lonicerae / Honeysuckle Stem)

Shan Ci Gu (Pseudobulbus Cremastrae seu Pleiones seu Rhizoma Iphigeniae Indicae / Hardy Chinese Orchid Bulb)

She Gan (Rhizoma Belamcandae / Blackberry Lily Rhizome)

Sheng Di Huang (Radix Rehmanniae / Chinese Foxglove Root)

Shi Gao (Gypsum Fibrosum / Gypsum)

Shui Niu Jiao (Cornu Bubali / Water Buffalo Horn)

Si Gua Luo (Retinervus Luffae Fructus / Loofah)

Si Gua Ye (Luffae Folium / Luffa Leaf)

Tian Hua Fen (Radix Trichosanthis / Snakegourd Root)

Tian Kui Zi (Radix Semiaquilegiae / Semiaquilegia Root)

Tu Fu Ling (Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae / Greenbiars Rhizome)

Wan Nian Qing (Rohdea Japonica / Japanese Sacred Lily)

Xi Gua (Pulpa Citrulli / Watermelon Fruit)

Xi Gua Shuang (Mirabilitum Praeparatum / Prepared Mirabilite)

Xia Ku Cao (Spica Prunellae / Self-heal Spike)

Xiao Bai Ju (Tanaceti parthenii herba / Feverfew)

Xuan Ming Fen (Mirabilitum Depuratum / Weathered Sodium Sulfate)

Xuan Shen (Radix Scrophulariae / Chinese Figwort Root)

Xue Li (Pyrus pyrifolia / Asian Pear)

Xun Yi Cao (Herba Lavandula / Lavender)

Ye Ju Hua (Flos Chrysanthemi Indici / Wild Chrysanthemum Flower)

Ye Ming Sha (Faeces Vespertilionis / Bat Faeces)

Yin Chai Hu (Radix Stellariae / Starwort)

Yu Xing Cao (Herba Houttuynia cordata / Chameleon Plant)

Zhi Mu (Rhizoma Anemarrhenae / Anemarrhena Rhizome)

Zhi Zi (Fructus Gardeniae / Gardenia Fruit)

Zi Cao (Radix Lithospermi seu Arnebiae / Purple Gromwell Root)

Zi Hua Di Ding (Herba Violae / Violet)


Herbs that Dispel Wind-Dampness

Can Sha (Faeces Bombycis / Silkworm Faeces)

Du Huo (Radix Angelicae Pubescentis / Pubescent Angelica Root)

Hai Feng Teng (Caulis Piperis Kadsurae / Kadsura Pepper Stem)

Hai Tong Pi (Cortex Erythrinae / Coral-Bean Bark)

Luo Le (Herba Ocimi / Sweet Basil)

Luo Shi Teng (Caulis Trachelospermi / Star Jasmine Stem)

Mu Gua (Fructus Chaenomelis / Chinese Quince Fruit)

Qin Jiao (Radix Gentianae Macrophyllae / Large-leaf Gentian Root)

Sang Ji Sheng (Herba Taxilli / Mulberry Mistletoe Stems)

Sang Zhi (Ramulus Mori / Mulberry Twig)

Shen Jin Cao (Herba Lycopodii / Clubmoss)

Shi Nan Ye (Folium Photiniae / Chinese Photinia Leaf)

Song Jie (Lignum Pini Nodi / Knotty Pine Wood)

Song Mu Gen (Radix Araliae Chinensis / Chinese Angelica Tree)

Song Ye (Folium Pini / Pine Leaves)

Tou Gu Cao (Herba Speranskiae Tuberculatae / Garden Balsam Stem)

Wei Ling Xian (Radix Clematidis Chinensis / Chinese Clematis Root)

Wu Jia Pi (Cortex Acanthopanacis / Acanthopanacis Bark)

Wu Shao She (Zaocys / Garter Snake)

Xiang Jia Pi (Cortex Periplocae / Chinese Silkvine Root Bark)

Xu Chang Qing (Radix Cynanchi Paniculati / Paniculate Swallowwort Root)

Zhu Sha Gen (Radix Ardisiae Crenatae / Coral Ardisia Root)


Herbs that Drain Dampness

Ban Bian Lian (Herba Lobeliae Chinensis / Chinese Lobelia Herb)

Bi Xie (Rhizoma Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae / Fish Poison Yam Rhizome)

Bian Xu (Herba Polygoni Avicularis / Knotweed)

Che Qian Zi (Semen Plantaginis / Plantago Seeds)

Chi Fu Ling (Poria rubrae / Red Poria Fungus)

Chi Xiao Dou (Vigna angularis / Adzuki Bean)

Deng Xin Cao (Medulla Junci / Bulrush Pith)

Di Fu Zi (Fructus Kochiae / Belvedere Fruit)

Dong Gua Zi (Semen Benincasae / Winter Melon Seed)

Dong Kui Guo (Fructus Malvae / Musk Mallow Seeds)

Fang Ji (Radix Stephaniae Tetrandrae / Stephania Root)

Fu Ling (Poria / Hoelen)

Fu Ling Pi (Sclerotii Poriae Cocos / Poria Peel)

Fu Shen (Scierotium Pararadicis Poriae Cocos / Poria Spirit)

Guang Jin Qian Cao (Herba Desmodii Styracifolii / Gold Coin Grass)

Hai Jin Sha (Spora Lygodii / Japanese Climbing Fern Spore)

Hua Shi (Talcum / Talcum Powder)

Jin Qian Cao (Herba Lysimachiae / Gold-coin Grass)

Mu Tong (Caulis Akebiae seu Caulis Clematis / Akebia or Clematis Stem)

Qu Mai (Herba Dianthi / Fringed Pink Dianthus)

Shi Wei (Folium Pyrrosiae / Felt Fern Leaf)

Tong Cao (Medulla Tetrapanax Papyriferus / Rice Paper Plant Pith)

Yi Yi Ren (Semen Coicis / Chinese Pearl Barley)

Yin Chen Hao (Herba Artemisiae Scopariae / Virgate Wormwood Herb)

Ze Xie (Rhizoma Alismatis / Water Plantain Rhizome)

Zhi Ju Zi (Semen Hoveniae / Raisin Seed)

Zhu Ling (Polyporus Sclerotium / Griffolia)


Herbs that Expel Parasites

Bing Lang (Areca Seed / Betel Nut)

Chang Shan (Radix Dichroae / Feverflower Root)

Da Suan (Allium sativum / Garlic)

He Shi (Fructus Carpesii Abrotinoidis / Carpesium Fruit)

Ku Lian Pi (Cortex Meliae azedarach / Chinaberry Bark)

Lang Du (Radix Alocasia seu Euphorbiae (Ebracteolatae seu Fischerianae) / Spurge Root)

Lei Wan (Omphalia / Thunderball Fungus)

Shi Jun Zi (Fructus Quisqualis / Rangoon Creeper Fruit)

Wu Yi (Praeparatio Fructus Ulmi Macrocarpae / Paste of Stinking Elm Fruit)


Herbs that Regulate Qi

A Wei (Resina Ferulae / Asafoetida)

Chen Pi (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae / Aged Tangerine Peel)

Chen Xiang (Lignum Aquilariae Resinatum / Aquilaria Wood)

Chuan Lian Zi (Fructus Toosendan / Sichuan Pagoda Tree Fruit)

Da Fu Pi (Pericarpium Arecae / Betel Husk)

Fo Shou (Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis / Buddha's Hand)

Ju Bai (Endocarpium Citri Tangerinae / White Tangerine Endocarp)

Ju He (Semen Citri Reticulatae / Tangerine Seed)

Ju Hong (Exocarpium Citri Rubrum / Outermost Red Tangerine Peel)

Ju Pi (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae / Tangerine Peel)

Ju Ye (Citri Foliae / Tangerine Leaf)

Ka Fei (Fructus Coffea / Coffee Bean)

Li Zhi (Ramulus Pyri / Asian Pear)

Li Zhi He (Semen Litchi / Lychee Seed)

Luo Bo (Raphanus sativus / Daikon Radish)

Mei Gui Hua (Flos Rosae Rugosae / Rose Flower)

Mi Die Xiang (Rosmarini folium / Rosemary Leaf)

Mu Xiang (Radix Aucklandiae / Costus Root)

Pi Jiu Hua (Flos Humuli Lupuli / European Hop Flower)

Qing Mu Xiang (Radix Aristolochiae / Slender Dutchmanspipe Root)

Qing Pi (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Viride / Unripe Tangerine Peel)

Shi Di (Calyx Kaki / Persimmon Calyx)

Tan Xiang (Lignum Santali Albi / Sandalwood)

Wu Yao (Radix Linderae / Lindera Root)

Xiang Fu (Rhizoma Cyperi / Nut-Grass Rhizome)

Xie Bai (Bulbus Allii Macrostemi / Chinese Garlic)

Zhi Ke (Fructus Aurantii / Bitter Orange)

Zhi Shi (Fructus Aurantii Immaturus / Immature Bitter Orange)

Zi Su Geng (Caulis Perillae / Perilla Stem)


Herbs that Regulate the Blood

Ai Ye (Folium Artemisiae Argyi / Mugwort Leaf)

Bai Ji (Rhizoma Bletillae / Urn Orchid Rhizome)

Bai Mao Gen (Rhizoma Imperatae / Wooly Grass Rhizome)

Bai Shi Zhi (Halloysitum Album / Kaolinite)

Ce Bai Ye (Cacumen Platycladi / Oriental Arborvitae Tip)

Chi Shao (Radix Paeoniae Rubra / Red Peony Root)

Chong Wei Zi (Fructus Leonuri / Asian Motherwort Seed)

Chuan Niu Xi (Radix Cyathulae / Hookweed Root)

Chuan Xiong (Rhizoma Ligusticum Chuanxiong / Sichuan Lovage Rhizome)

Cu (Acetum / Vinegar)

Da Ji (Herba seu Radix Cirsii Japonici / Japanese Thistle)

Dan Shen (Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae / Red Sage Root)

Di Yu (Radix Sanguisorbae / Garden Burnet Root)

E Zhu (Curcuma Zedoariae / Zedoary Root)

Fu Rong Ye (Folium Hibisci Mutabilis / Hibiscus Leaf)

Hong Hua (Flos Carthami / Safflower)

Hu Zhang (Rhizoma Polygoni Cuspidati / Japanese Knotweed)

Huai Hua (Flos Sophorae Immaturus / Pagodatree Flower Bud)

Huai Jiao (Fructus Sophorae / Pagodatree Pod)

Ji Xue Teng (Caulis Spatholobi / Millettia Root and Vine)

Jiang Huang (Rhizoma Curcumae Longae / Turmeric Rhizome)

Juan Bai (Herba Selaginellae / Tamariskoid Spikemoss Herb)

Liang Mian Zhen (Radix Zanthoxyli Nitidum / Shiny-leaf Prickly Ash Root)

Lu Lu Tong (Fructus Liquidamberis / Sweetgum Fruit)

Ma Bian Cao (Herba Verbenae / Vervain)

Mao Dong Qing (Radix Ilicis Pubescentis / Wintergreen Root)

Meng Chong (Tabanus / Horsefly)

Mo Yao (Resina Commiphorae / Myrrh)

Niu Xi (Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae / Ox Knee Root)

Ou Jie (Nodus Nelumbinis Rhizomatis / Lotus Rhizome Node)

Pu Huang (Pollen Typhae / Cattail Pollen)

Qian Cao Gen (Radix Rubiae / Indian Madder Root)

Ru Xiang (Olibanum / Frankincense)

San Leng (Rhizoma Sparganii / Burr-Reed Rhizome)

San Qi (Radix Notoginseng / Pseudoginseng Root)

Shui Zhi (Hirudo / Leech)

Su Mu (Lignum Sappan / Sappan Wood)

Tao Ren (Semen Persicae / Peach Seed)

Tu Bie Chong (Eupolyphaga seu Steleophaga / Woodlouse)

Wang Bu Liu Xing (Semen Vaccariae / Cowherb Seed)

Wu Ling Zhi (Faeces Trogopterori / Flying Squirrel Feces)

Xi Shu (Fructus et Cortex Camptothecae / Cancer Tree Fruit and Bark)

Xian He Cao (Herba Agrimoniae / Agrimony)

Xiao Ji (Herba Cirsii seu Cephalanoplos / Field Thistle)

Xue Jie (Sanguis Draconis / Dragon's Blood)

Xue Yu Tan (Crinis Carbonisatus / Charred Human Hair)

Yan Hu Suo (Rhizoma Corydalis / Corydalis Rhizome)

Yi Mu Cao (Herba Leonuri / Chinese Motherwort)

Yu Jin (Radix Curcumae / Turmeric Tuber)

Zao Xin Tu (Terra Flava Usta / Furnace Soil)

Ze Lan (Herba Lycopi / Bugleweed)

Zi Jing Pi (Cortex Kadsurae Radicis / Chinese Redbud Bark)

Zi Ran Tong (Pyritum / Pyrite)


Herbs that Release the Exterior

Bai Zhi (Radix Angelicae Dahuricae / Dahurian Angelica Root)

Bo He (Herba Menthae / Field Mint)

Cang Er Zi (Fructus Xanthii / Cocklebur Fruit)

Chai Hu (Radix Bupleuri / Hare's Ear Root)

Chan Tui (Periostracum Cicadae / Cicada Moulting)

Cong Bai (Bulbus Allii / Spring Onion)

Da Dou Huang Juan (Semen Sojae Germinatum / Bean Sprout)

Dan Dou Chi (Semen Sojae Preparatum / Fermented Soybean)

Fang Feng (Radix Saposhnikoviae seu Ledebouriellae / Siler)

Gao Ben (Radices Ligustici Sinensis / Straw Weed)

Ge Gen (Radix Puerariae / Kudzu Vine Root)

Ge Hua (Flos Puerariae / Flower of Kudzuvine)

Gui Zhi (Ramulus Cinnamomi / Cinnamon Twig)

Jing Jie (Herba Schizonepetae / Japanese Catnip)

Ju Hua (Flos Chrysanthemi / Chrysanthemum)

Ma Huang (Herba Ephedrae / Ephedra Stem)

Man Jing Zi (Fructus Viticis / Vitex Fruit)

Niu Bang Gen (Radix Arctii / Burdock Root)

Niu Bang Zi (Fructus Arctii / Burdock Seed)

Qiang Huo (Rhizoma seu Radix Notopterygii / Notopterygium Root and Rhizome)

Sang Ye (Folium Mori / Mulberry Leaf)

She Xiang Cao (Thymus Vulgaris / Thyme)

Sheng Jiang (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens / Fresh Ginger)

Sheng Jiang Pi (Exocarpium Zingiberis Recentis / Ginger Peel)

Sheng Ma (Rhizoma Cimicifugae / Black Cohosh)

Shu Wei Cao (Salvia officinalis folium / Common Sage Leaf)

Song Guo Ju (Echinaceae radix / Echinacea)

Xi Xin (Herba cum Radix Asari / Chinese Wild Ginger)

Xiang Mao (Herba Cymbopogon citratus / Lemongrass)

Xiang Ru (Herba Moslae seu Elscholtsiae / Aromatic Madder)

Xin Yi Hua (Flos Magnoliae / Magnolia Flower Bud)

Zi Su Ye (Folium Perillae / Perilla Leaf)


Herbs that Relieve Food Stagnation

Ji Nei Jin (Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli / Chicken Gizzard)

Lai Fu Zi (Semen Raphani / Radish Seed)

Mai Ya (Fructus Hordei Germinatus / Malt Barley Sprouts)

Shan Zha (Fructus Crataegi / Hawthorn Fruit)

Shen Qu (Massa Fermentata / Medicated Leaven)

Shu Mi (Fructus Panici Miliacei / Broomcorn Millet)


Herbs that Stabilize and Bind

Bai Guo (Semen Ginkgonis Bilobae / Ginkgo Seed)

Chi Shi Zhi (Halloysitum Rubrum / Red Kaolin)

Chun Pi (Cortex Ailanthi / Tree of Heaven Bark)

Fu Pen Zi (Fructus Rubi / Chinese Raspberry)

Fu Xiao Mai (Fructus Tritici levis / Unripe Wheat Grain)

Hai Piao Xiao (Os Sepiae / Cuttlefish Bone)

He Zi (Fructus Chebulae / Myrobalan Fruit)

Jin Ying Zi (Fructus Rosae Laevigatae / Cherokee Rose Hip)

Lian Xu (Stamen Nelumbinis / Lotus Stem)

Lian Zi (Semen Nelumbinis / Lotus Seed)

Ma Huang Gen (Radix Ephedrae / Ephedra Root)

Nuo Dao Gen Xu (Radix Oryzae Glutinosae / Root of Glutinous Rice)

Qian Shi (Semen Euryales / Fox Nut)

Rou Dou Kou (Semen Myristicae / Nutmeg)

Sang Piao Xiao (Ootheca Mantidis / Praying Mantis Egg-Case)

Shan Zhu Yu (Fructus Corni / Dogwood Fruit)

Wu Mei (Fructus Mume / Black Plum)

Wu Wei Zi (Fructus Schisandrae / Schisandra Fruit)

Xiao Mai (Fructus Tritici levis / Wheat Grain)

Yu Yu Liang (Limonitum / Limonite)


Herbs that Tonify Qi

Bai Zhu (Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae / Largehead Atracylodes Rhizome)

Bing Tang (Crystalli Saccharo / Crystal Sugar)

Ci Wu Jia (Radix Acanthopanacis Senticosi / Siberian Ginseng)

Da Zao (Fructus Jujubae / Jujube Berry)

Dang Shen (Radix Codonopsis / Bonnet Bellflower Root)

Gan Cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae / Licorice Root)

Gan Cao Shao (Apex Radicis Glycyrrhizae / Licorice Root Tips)

Huang Jing (Rhizoma Polygonati / Solomon's Seal Rhizome)

Huang Qi (Radix Astragali / Astragalus Root)

Ji Rou (Caro Pullus / Chicken Meat)

Jing Mi (Semen Oryzae / Non-Glutinous Rice Seed)

Ke Teng Zi (Semen Entadae / Entada phaseoloides)

Nan Fei Zui Jia (Radix Withania somnifera / Ashwagandha)

Nuo Mi (Semen Oryzae Glutinosae / Glutinous Rice)

Pu Tao (Vitis vinifera / Grape)

Qian Jin Ba (Radix Flemingiae Philippinensis / Philippine Flemingia Root)

Ren Shen (Radix Panax Ginseng / Ginseng Root)

Shan Yao (Rhizoma Dioscoreae / Chinese Yam)

Su You (Butyrum / Ghee)

Yang Rou (Caro Ovilla / Lamb)

Yi Tang (Maltosum / Maltose)


Herbs that Tonify Yang

Ba Ji Tian (Radix Morindae Officinalis / Indian Mulberry Root)

Bu Gu Zhi (Fructus Psoraleae / Psoraliae Fruit)

Cong Zi (Semen Allii Fistulosi / Onion Seed)

Dong Chong Xia Cao (Cordyceps / Chinese Caterpillar Fungus)

Du Zhong (Cortex Eucommiae / Eucommia Bark)

Gou Ji (Rhizoma Cibotii / Chain Fern Rhizome)

Gu Sui Bu (Rhizoma Drynariae / Boneknit Rhizome)

Hu Lu Ba (Semen Trigonellae / Fenugreek Seed)

Hu Tao Ren (Semen Juglandis / Walnut)

Lu Rong (Cornu Cervi Pantotrichum / Deer Antler Velvet)

Nan Zhu Zi (Vaccinium myrtillus / Asiatic Bilberry)

Rou Cong Rong (Herba Cistanches / Broomrape Stem)

Sha Yuan Zi (Semen Astragali Complanati / Flattened Milkvetch Seed)

Suo Yang (Herba Cynomorii coccineum / Maltese Mushroom)

Tu Si Zi (Semen Cuscutae / Chinese Dodder Seeds)

Xian Mao (Rhizoma Curculiginis / Golden-Eye Grass Rhizome)

Xu Duan (Radix Dipsaci / Himalayan Teasel Root)

Yi Zhi Ren (Fructus Alpiniae Oxyphyllae / Black Cardamom)

Yin Yang Huo (Herba Epimedii / Horny Goat Weed)


Herbs that Tonify Yin

Bai He (Bulbus Lilii / Lily Bulb)

Bie Jia (Carapax Trionycis / Soft Turtle Shell)

Chu Shi Zi (Fructus Broussonetiae / Paper Mulberry Fruit)

Gui Ban (Carapax et Plastrum Testudinis / Fresh-Water Turtle Plastron)

Gui Ban Jiao (Colla Carapacis et Plastri Testudinis / Turtle Plastron Glue)

Hai Shen (Trepang / Sea Cucumber)

Han Lian Cao (Herba Ecliptae / Eclipta)

Hei Zhi Ma (Semen Sesame Nigrum / Black Sesame Seed)

Ji Zi Huang (Galli Gigeriae Vitellus / Egg Yolk)

Li Pi (Pericarpium Pyrus pyrifolia / Pear Skin)

Mai Men Dong (Radix Ophiopogonis / Dwarf Lilyturf Root)

Nan Sha Shen (Radix Adenophorae / Ladybell Root)

Nu Zhen Zi (Fructus Ligustri Lucidi / Glossy Privet Fruit)

Sha Shen (Radix Adenophorae / Ladybell Root)

Shi Hu (Herba Dendrobii / Stonebushel Stem)

Song Zi Ren (Semen Pinus / Pine Nut)

Tian Men Dong (Radix Asparagi / Asparagus Root)

Xi Yang Shen (Radix Panacis Quinquefolii / American Ginseng)

Yu Zhu (Rhizoma Polygonati Odorati / Fragrant Solomon's Seal Root)

Zhu Zhi Gao (Lardum / Lard)

Zi He Che (Placenta Hominis / Placenta)


Herbs that Tonify Blood

Bai Shao (Radix Paeoniae Alba / White Peony Root)

Dang Gui (Radix Angelicae Sinensis / Chinese Angelica Root)

E Jiao (Colla Corii Asini / Donkey-Hide Gelatin)

Gou Qi Zi (Fructus Lycii / Goji Berries)

He Shou Wu (Radix Polygoni Multiflori Praeparata / Fleeceflower Root)

Long Yan Rou (Arillus Longan / Longan Fruit)

Lu Jiao Jiao (Colla Cornu Cervi Pantotrichum / Deer Antler Glue)

Sang Shen (Fructus Mori / Mulberry Fruit)

Shao Yao (Radix Paeoniae / Peony Root)

Shu Di Huang (Radix Rehmanniae Preparata / Prepared Chinese Foxglove Root)


Herbs that Transform Phlegm

An Ye (Folium Eucalypti / Eucalyptus Leaf)

Bai Bu (Radix Stemonae / Stemona Root)

Bai Fu Zi (Rhizoma Typhonii / Giant Typhonium Rhizome)

Bai Jie Zi (Semen brassicae / Mustard Seed)

Bai Qian (Rhizoma Cynanchi Stauntonii / Prime White Rhizome)

Ban Xia (Rhizoma Pinelliae / Pinellia Rhizome)

Bei Mu (Bulbus Fritillariae / Fritillaria Bulb)

Bi Qi (Eleocharis dulcis / Water Chestnut)

Chuan Bei Mu (Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae / Fritillaria Bulb)

Dan Nan Xing (Arisaema Cum Bile / Bile prepared Jack-in-the-Pulpit Rhizome)

Gua Di (Pedicellus Melo / Melon Pedicle)

Gua Lou (Fructus Trichosanthis / Snakegourd Fruit)

Gua Lou Pi (Pericarpium Trichosanthis / Snakegourd Fruit Peel)

Gua Lou Ren (Semen Trichosanthis / Snakegourd Seed)

Hai Dai (Saccharina japonica / Kelp)

Hai Zao (Sargassum / Seaweed)

Jie Geng (Radix Platycodi / Balloon Flower Root)

Kuan Dong Hua (Flos Farfarae / Coltsfoot Flower)

Kun Bu (Thallus Eckloniae / Kelp)

Li Lu (Radix et Rhizoma Veratri / Black False Hellebore)

Meng Shi (Lapis Mica seu Chloriti / Lapis Stone)

Pang Da Hai (Semen Sterculiae Lychnophorae / Malva Nut)

Pi Pa Ye (Folium Eriobotryae / Loquat Leaf)

Qian Hu (Radix Peucedani / Hogfennel Root)

Sang Bai Pi (Cortex Mori / Mulberry Root Bark)

Tian Nan Xing (Rhizoma Arisaematis / Jack-in-the-Pulpit Rhizome)

Tian Zhu Huang (Concretio Silicea Bambusae / Bamboo Sugar)

Ting Li Zi (Semen Lepidii / Pepperweed Seed)

Xing Ren (Semen Armeniacae Amarae / Apricot Kernel)

Xuan Fu Hua (Flos Inulae / Elecampagne Flower)

Xun Ma (Urticae herba / Nettle)

Zao Jiao (Fructus Gleditsiae Abnormalis / Chinese Honeylocust Fruit)

Zao Jiao Ci (Spina Gleditsiae / Chinese Honey Locust Thorn)

Zhe Bei Mu (Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii / Thunberg Fritillaria Bulb)

Zhu Ru (Caulis Bambusae in Taeniam / Bamboo Shavings)

Zi Su Zi (Fructus Perillae / Perilla Seed)

Zi Wan (Radix Asteris / Purple Aster Root)


Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold

Ba Jiao Hui Xiang (Fructus Illicium verum / Chinese Star Anise)

Bi Ba (Fructus Piperis Longi / Long Pepper)

Cao Wu (Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii seu Agrestis / Wild Aconite Root)

Chuan Wu (Radix Aconiti Preparata / Sichuan Aconite Root)

Ding Xiang (Flos Caryophylli / Clove)

Fu Zi (Radix Aconiti Lateralis Praeparata / Aconite Root)

Gan Jiang (Rhizoma Zingiberis / Dried GInger)

Gao Liang Jiang (Rhizoma Alpiniae Officinarum / Galangal Rhizome)

Hua Jiao (Pericarpium Zanthoxyli / Sichuan Pepper)

Jiu (Alcohol / Rice Wine)

La Jiao (Fructus Capsici / Chili Pepper)

Qiao Ke Li (Theobroma cacao / Cocoa Bean)

Rou Gui (Cortex Cinnamomi / Cinnamon Bark)

Rou Gui Ye (Folium Cinnamomi / Cinnamon Leaf)

Wu Zhu Yu (Fructus Evodiae / Evodia Fruit)

Xiao Hui Xiang (Fructus Foeniculi / Fennel Seed)


Obsolete Substances

Chuan Shan Jia (Squama Manitis / Pangolin Scales)

Hu Gu (Os Tigris / Tiger Bone)

Huang Dan (Minium / Lead Tetroxide / Red Lead)

Ma Qian Zi (Semen Strychni / Nux-Vomica Seeds)

Peng Sha (Borax)

Qian Dan (Miniumite / Lead Oxide)

Qing Fen (Calomelas / Mercurous Chloride / Calomel)

Xi Jiao (Cornu Rhinocerotis Asiatici / Rhinoceros Horn)

Xiong Huang (Realgar / Arsenic Sulfide / Ruby Sulphur)

Ying Su Ke (Pericarpium Papaveris / Opium Poppy)

Zhu Sha (Cinnabaris / Cinnabar)


Substances for External Application

Chan Su (Venenum Bufonis / Toad Venom)

Er Cha (Pasta Acaciae / Catechu)

Feng La (Cera Flava / Beeswax)

Liu Huang (Sulfur grundum / Sulfur granules)

Ma You (Oleum Sesami / Sesame Oil)

Mu Bie Zi (Semen Momordicae / Cochin Bitter Melon Seeds)

She Chuang Zi (Fructus Cnidii / Cnidium Seed)

Zhang Nao (Camphora / Camphor)


Substances that Calm the Spirit

Bai Zi Ren (Semen Platycladi / Arborvitae Seed)

Ci Shi (Magnetitum / Magnetite)

He Huan Pi (Cortex Albizziae / Mimosa Tree Bark)

Hu Po (Succinum / Amber)

Ling Zhi (Ganoderma lucidum / Reishi Mushroom)

Long Chi (Dens Draconis / Fossilised Teeth)

Long Gu (Ossa Draconis / Fossilised Bones)

Mu Li (Concha Ostreae / Oyster Shell)

Sheng Tie Luo (Ferrosic Oxide / Oxidised Iron Filings)

Suan Zao Ren (Semen Ziziphi Spinosae / Spiny Date Seed)

Xie Cao (Radix Valerianae / Valerian Root)

Ye Jiao Teng (Caulis Polygoni Multiflori / Fleeceflower Vine)

Yuan Zhi (Radix Polygalae / Chinese Senega)

Zhen Zhu (Margarita / Pearl)

Zhen Zhu Mu (Concha Margaritifera Usta / Mother-of-Pearl Shell)

Zi Shi Ying (Fluoritum / Fluorite)


Substances that Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors

Bai Jiang Can (Bombyx Batryticatus / Silkworm)

Da Ma (Cannabis sativa / Marijuana)

Dai Mao (Carapax Eretmochelyos / Hawksbill Turtle Shell)

Dai Zhe Shi (Haematitum / Haematite)

Di Long (Pheretima seu Lumbricus / Earthworm)

Gou Teng (Ramulus Uncariae cum Uncis / Cat's Claw Vine)

Ji Li (Fructus Tribuli / Caltrop Fruit)

Jiang Can (Bombyx Batryticatus / Silkworm)

Ling Yang Jiao (Cornu Saigae Tataricae / Antelope's Horn)

Quan Xie (Buthus Martensi / Scorpion)

Shi Jue Ming (Concha Haliotidis / Abalone Shell)

Tian Ma (Rhizoma Gastrodiae elata / Gastrodia Rhizome)

Wu Gong (Scolopendra / Centipede)


Reference Notes: (click to display)

These pages are intended to assist clinicians and are not intended for self-diagnosis or treatment for which a qualified professional should be consulted.